What is a 'Metric'? / Understanding Metrics

    Metrics – The Center piece of Reports

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    The primary mission is to help you gain business insights from your metrics – those numerical
    values that populate (or are visually represented within) your reports and widgets. Below we’ll
    provide a few more details on what we really mean by this term.

     

    Metrics Are Aggregations

     

    Metrics are fundamentally aggregations of facts. Here, when say fact we mean a numerical
    record that represents an individual business transaction. In other words, facts are the numbers
    you’d find in each cell of a spreadsheet:

    • Revenue earned from a sale

    • Cost of some item purchased

    • The hours worked by one employee

    • The number of items shipped in one delivery

     

      Facts can be aggregated by any of four operations, explained in further detail below:

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    A fifth aggregation operation for forming metrics is COUNT.

     - COUNT is distinct from the other operations because it aggregates attribute values rather than facts.

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    Advanced Metric Definitions

    Metrics are fundamentally aggregations of facts and attribute values, but that’s not to say that
    an aggregation is all that goes into forming a metric. Metrics can also take on the following
    features:

    • Metrics can contain one or more predefined metrics, which can be combined or
      manipulated with various arithmetic operations.

    • Metrics can contain numerical variables that take on different values, customized for certain
      users or groups of users, impacting metric computations in reports displayed on those
      users’ dashboards.

    • Metrics can contain functions like absolute value, signum and square root.

    • Metrics can contain one or more filters that specify which subsets of data should be
       included or excluded when computing metric values.

    • Metrics can contain complex conditional statements. • Metrics can be set to override report attribute and filter settings in various ways. As you can see,              metrics are powerful tools for anyone seeking business insights from their data.